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Cave Conservation

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Scientific Work

As a conservation site, protecting by limiting the human impact to the cave and better understanding of the environment and ecosystem of the cave is very important. Hence, the several scientific activities have been actively conducted in order to get a better understanding on this matter.

Liphistius batuensis population monitoring

The Trapdoor spider (liphistius batuensis) population inside the Dark Cave has been monitored since August 2011. Each nest is plotted accordingly on a map to get the count of the spider population. By having this information, we are able to monitor the population size, migration pattern, behaviour and also the mating season of the Trapdoor spider throughout the whole year.

Microclimate monitoring

Microclimate monitoring of the Dark Cave are done by checking the temperature, relative humidity, air flow and light intensity. Data is monitored by using a portable environmental meter and each data are analyzed and reviewed. These data can be used to determine the management approach of the Dark Cave and can be used to create the threshold for Visitor Impact Assessment of the Dark Cave.

Bat identification and preservation.

One of the important faunas of the Dark Cave is the bats. Bats transferred energy source into the cave in the form of guano (bat dropping). Hence, any information on the bats is very important. Naturally-dead bats are identified and differentiated based on species and every little details are taken down and observed. Selected bats will then be preserved in 70% ethanol and stored. These preserved bats are then used for educational purpose for the public on the uniqueness of the Dark Cave fauna.